What would they have in common? The key novel of the author José de Alencar written in 1857, the opera that immortalised composer Carlos Gomes in 1870, the intellectual movement that influenced the whole modernist art in the decade of 1920, the most expensive piece of Brazilian art ever sold (one and a half million dollars), painted in 1928 by Tarsila do Amaral, a theatrical mass composed by singer Milton Nascimento and bishop Dom Pedro Casaldáliga, the Brazilian soccer champion of 1979, and The Mission, the Golden Palm winning movie of director Rolland Joffe in 1986?

What they have in common is their inspiration: the indigenous people called the Guarani. The book ‘the Guarani’, the opera ´Guarani´, the cultural manifest ´Antropofágico´, the painting ´Abapuru´, the ´Earth Evils Mass´, the soccer team ´Guarani Futebol Clube´ of the city Campinas and the film ´The mission´, were all inspired by this indigenous nation.

The Guarani, which means Great People, have an important connection with the land of Latin America. All along their history, tracing back to pre-Colombian times, they have been struggling to defend their land.

Besides serving as an inspiration for arts and sports, also the market has an infinite number of products that received the name of this indigenous people or names that originate from their language. Radio and television stations, sodas, supermarkets, hotels, milk, coffee, restaurants, sugar, cleaning material... Literally everywhere it is possible to find names that refer to this people, like in geography: the great basin, lakes, cities, neighbourhoods, streets, beaches, rivers, mountains, animals, all received Guarani names ...

However, in spite of their names and language being so present in our daily life, the Guarani people themselves stay practically invisible for everybody. Especially for the eyes of the ones that want to sweep them out of history.

Along centuries, the Brazilian society has never been capable of hearing the sacred voice of the religious leaders of the Guarani. Not even when this voice hollered a scream of help against the genocide that they are facing.

Along centuries, the Brazilian society has ignored the light of the smile of the women and children of the people Guarani.

Along centuries, perhaps because of shame and guilt, the Brazilian society has erased from its memory the beautiful pages of resistance written by the brave warriors of Guarani.

The little that is known, through the news, is of their suffering: that their indigenous lands are practically all invaded; that their children die due to lack of food; that they are victims of high numbers of murders; that the Brazilian State completely disrespects the minimum rights for their survival, even though written in the Federal Constitution and endorsed by the Brazilian governments in International Conventions.

Their name and legacy is everywhere, but they remain invisible. Excluded and neglected. Nevertheless they remain the Guarani. The Great People.